Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and alleviate the signs and in lots of cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however a lot of are permanent. Strict control of blood sugar levels to slow the more progression is of paramount importance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. Neuropathy might likewise be due to toxic result of specific drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, numerous others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is generally discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There might be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to peripheral neuropathy causes it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.